Sometimes referred to as wavy hats, blue males, or perhaps highly potent psilocybe) are powerful psychedelic species of mushroom.
The main ingredients responsible for its side effects are psilocin and psilocybin. It belongs to the Hymenogastraceae family. According to a specimen she recently collected for Kew Gardens, Elsie Wakefield published an official declaration of the species with the Transactions of British Mycological Society in 1946. She had already started collecting the species in 1910.
The fungus is generally not considered dangerous to adults. Since all of the psychoactive ingredients in P. cyanescens are peppermint, the fruit bodies can be made non-psychoactive by parboiling, which enables culinary use.
However, since they are found to be quite bitter by almost everyone and they are way too small to have excellent nutritional value, this is not often done.
Psilocybe cyanescens can sometimes bear fruit in gigantic quantities; Over 100,000 mushrooms were found in a single location on a racetrack in England.
Properties of Psilocybe cyanescens
Psilocybe cyanescens wears a hygrophan pileus (cap) that is caramel-colored to chestnut brown when wet, pale to a pale color when dehydrated or perhaps slightly yellowish.
Outside the species complex of P. cyanescens, the color of the pileus hardly occurs in fungi. Virtually all regions of the fungus, such as the hat together with the lamellas (gills, under the hat), can turn blue to the touch or possibly be disturbed in some other way, most likely as a result of the oxidation of psilocin.
The lamellae have actually grown and, with age, are slightly brownish to deep purple-brown, with less severe gill edges. There is no unique ring, but immature P. cyanescens specimens have a cobweb veil that leaves a ring-shaped zone of ripeness. Both the smell and the sample are farinaceous.
P. cyanescens contains delicate, elliptical spores 2 – 12 x 5 – 8 µm in size. According to several authors, the holotype collection of the species in Kew Gardens showed zero pleurocystids. Nevertheless, North American collections are characterized by frequent pleurocystidia with clavate mucronate. Nevertheless, pleurocystids are included in the holotype compilation (although not detectable because the hymenium has collapsed).
Pleurocystids are popular in European collections of P. cyanescens, and their design is really the same as those commonly known in the United States.
Fresh sporocarps next to mycelia of P. cyanescens usually have a bluish tint or perhaps blue-green exactly where they are damaged, and the discoloration is still visible after drying. This color is most evident on the stem (which is white when undisturbed). However, it can certainly also occur in several other regions of the fungus, which in addition to the mycelium also include the gills, the cap.
This coloring is mainly due to the oxidation of psilocin. (Psilocybin cannot be oxidized properly, but is quickly converted to psilocin by enzymatic action on harmful sites that could also be oxidized, hence even specimens with small psilocin, but which are typically blue.)
An extremely close relative of P. cyanescens is Psilocybe allenii (described in 2012), formerly known as Psilocybe cyanofriscosa, a fungus from Washington and California.] It could be distinguished by macromorphological functions and also the sequencing of the rDNA-ITS molecular marker.
It is usually difficult, or perhaps impossible, to distinguish between users of the P. cyanescens complex, except by strain, without resorting to microscopic or molecular characteristics.
[Citation Required] Both mushrooms have generally similar clinics and appearance, and have a slight resemblance to one another, as those inexperienced mushroom pickers might confuse the two.
The two species can develop side by side, which could increase the likelihood of confusion. The two mushrooms have differently colored spores, creating a spore print that is important for proper identification.
The habitat and distribution of Psilocybe cyanescens is now increasing primarily on wood chips, especially in and on the edge of mulch beds in urbanized regions, but it could certainly develop on some other lignin-rich substrates as well. P. cyanescens will not grow on a non-lignin-rich substrate.   Fruit bodies have previously been claimed organically (although most migrations appear to be from mulched beds.) The species generally does not develop on mulch, which is made from bark.
Within the United States, P. cyanescens occurs primarily over the Pacific Northwest and extends south into the San Francisco Bay region. It can also be present in regions such as Western Europe, Central Europe, and Western Asia (Iran).
The range of P. cyanescens is growing rapidly, especially in areas where it is not native, as the use of mulch to control weeds has become popular. This rapid expansion of the scope could, in part, be part of the basic purpose of the P. cyanescens mycelium, which owns the departmental networking of woodchip vendors and which is shipped in significant quantities with business mulch. It has been attributed to this fruit of spring on the east coast of the United States.
Although it has been speculated which native habitat of P. cyanescens really is the coniferous forests of the northwestern United States or perhaps the coastal dunes in PNW, the friendly specimen of mulch beds in Kew Gardens has been debated, and there is no generally accepted motive for The Classical Habitat of P. cyanescens.
Fruit formation depends on a falling internal temperature.
Psilocybe cyanescens usually bears gregarious fruits, or perhaps in throaty clusters, often in exceptional numbers. 100,000 fresh P. cyanescens fruits were immediately discovered on a racetrack in the south of England. Occasionally one can also find solitary fruits.
Indole Articles The new fruits of P. cyanescens have been shown to consist of several different indole alkaloids such as biocytin., Psilocin and psilocybin] P. cyanescens mycelium has been found to have detectable levels of psilocybin and psilocin, but only after the development of Primordia.
However, this was brought about by the phase in which Gartz did not evaluate the actual P. cyanescens, but P. serbica.
North American fruit systems of P. cyanescens have been shown to consist of between 0.66% and 1.96% complete indole articles on a dry weight basis. European fruit systems have been shown to have between 0.39% and 0.75% complete indole content at d